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 Faezil  12.09.2018  3
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Direct cause of homosexual

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Direct cause of homosexual

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Direct cause of homosexual

Direct cause of homosexual

To prove the point, these hormonally feminized interact sexually with intact male rats and, indeed, the intact male rat will mount the hormonally manipulated male rat. Other factors are also at work. Evans-Pritchard also recorded that male Azande warriors in the northern Congo routinely took on young male lovers between the ages of twelve and twenty, who helped with household tasks and participated in intercrural sex with their older husbands. The condemnation of anal sex between males, however, predates Christian belief. The adjectives deriving from her name and place of birth Sapphic and Lesbian came to be applied to female homosexuality beginning in the 19th century. If sexuality was predetermined by genes and hormones or by Bogaert's male birth order effect , it would be impossible for young Sambian males to switch to homosexuality and then back to heterosexuality with such apparent ease. Social or family influences have little or no impact. Personally, I like the definition of John Money. George Catlin — ; Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC Among indigenous peoples of the Americas prior to European colonization, a common form of same-sex sexuality centered around the figure of the Two-Spirit individual. The Etoro and Marind-anim for example, viewed heterosexuality as sinful and celebrated homosexuality instead. The formal practice, an erotic yet often restrained relationship between a free adult male and a free adolescent, was valued for its pedagogic benefits and as a means of population control, though occasionally blamed for causing disorder. This is probably best captured in John Money's concept of the lovemap, 5 defined as: Bogaert's research is the latest in a long line of theses that argue people are "born gay". The third phase more generally involves living openly as an LGBT person. Blaming parents and childhood upbringing for a child's gayness is mistaken and unfair. Not all gay men, for example, have a larger than average penis. Maybe, but the explanations offered in this minireview fail to come to grips with human homosexuality as it is lived. In the early Safavid dynasty — , male houses of prostitution amrad khane were legally recognized and paid taxes. But there will still be remaining gaps, like why some firstborn sons are gay, why some identical twins of gay sons are straight, and why women are gay, to name just a few. Once their initiation into the manly arts of hunting and fishing is completed, they become warriors and initiate the next generation of male youths. There are bound to be exceptions. Although a number of biological factors have been considered by scientists, such as prenatal hormones, chromosomes, polygenetic effects, brain structure and viral influences, no scientific consensus exists as to how biology influences sexual orientation. Little is known of female homosexuality in antiquity. By Muhammad Qasim These exceptions lead me to conclude that while genes and hormones may, like male birth order, predispose a person to a particular sexual orientation, they do not determine it. The scientific thinking about homosexuality started in the middle of the nineteenth century when the term was coined by Karl-Maria Kertbeny in The authors demonstrate that, overall, women have a higher blood concentration of anti-NLGN4Y antibodies than men and, more importantly, that after statistically controlling for the number of pregnancies, mothers of gay sons—especially those with older brothers—have significantly higher anti-NLGN4Y levels than control women, including mothers of heterosexual sons 3 Fig. Two of these travelers, Rifa'ah al-Tahtawi and Muhammad as-Saffar, show their surprise that the French sometimes deliberately mistranslated love poetry about a young boy, instead referring to a young female, to maintain their social norms and morals. Also in , the earliest extended and serious defense of homosexuality in English, Ancient and Modern Pederasty Investigated and Exemplified, written by Thomas Cannon , was published, but was suppressed almost immediately. China, Qing Dynasty. Direct cause of homosexual



Blanchard believes this phenomenon grows stronger with each boy a woman bears. Not all gay men, for example, have a larger than average penis. Palan, A. They conclude that sexual orientation is overwhelmingly innate. New York; Elsevier; Vol. Balthazart first proposes a theory of the prenatal origins of human homosexuality and then infers that homosexuals fit with that theory, without presenting any evidence that this has been the case. The pair are portrayed in a nose-kissing position, the most intimate pose in Egyptian art , surrounded by what appear to be their heirs. Just because I don't personally fit his theory doesn't automatically invalidate it. If Bogaert is saying that birth order may be a factor that influences sexual orientation, I have no problem with that. If proven out, fetal birth order could do a lot to fill in the missing explanations for homosexuality. However, the large number of studies confirming this phenomenon, based on huge numbers of subjects, allowed partial regression techniques to reject these interpretations. The instances of same-sex affection and sexual interactions described in the classical novel Dream of the Red Chamber seem as familiar to observers in the present as do equivalent stories of romances between heterosexual people during the same period. By Muhammad Qasim In the Epic of Gilgamesh, the relationship between the main protagonist Gilgamesh and the character Enkidu has been seen by some to be homosexual in nature. Plato praised its benefits in his early writings [61] but in his late works proposed its prohibition. Also in , the earliest extended and serious defense of homosexuality in English, Ancient and Modern Pederasty Investigated and Exemplified, written by Thomas Cannon , was published, but was suppressed almost immediately.

Direct cause of homosexual



The second phase involves one's decision to come out to others, e. If he was hard-wired at birth to desire men, how can he now desire women? How could two homosexual men possibly provide sexual satisfaction to one another if both of them have a female soul and a female sexual repertoire while, at the same time, following the above paradigm, a homosexual man, with his allegedly female sexuality, is desirous of another man with a male soul and a male sexual repertoire and, therefore, by the above definition, not homosexual. That tolerance for gay people encourages more people to become gay. Average prevalence in Savin-Williams and Vrangalova According to the report, Blanchard now plans to test mothers of gay and straight men for the presence of these antibodies. This is probably best captured in John Money's concept of the lovemap, 5 defined as: Their book is easily the best summary of evidence from dozens of biological studies into the causes and correlates of homosexuality. Why the obverse questions probing the causes of heterosexuality attracts no attention remains enigmatic. However, the probable reason is that they keep their sexuality a secret for fear of government sanction or rejection by their families. Most scientist today agree that sexual orientation is most likely the result of a complex interaction of environmental, cognitive and biological factors. Women rarely find it feminine. Second, there is strong evidence, from studies of family trees and of monozygotic and dizygotic twins, of a genetic component to the control of sexual orientation, even if attempts to identify the specific genes involved have met so far with little success 5 , 8 , 9. In the early Safavid dynasty — , male houses of prostitution amrad khane were legally recognized and paid taxes. It is safe to say that the prenatal history of nearly every homosexual person has been unremarkable from the perspective of endocrinology. This so-called fraternal gay birth effect creates a prenatal environment that fosters homosexuality in younger sons. Also in , the earliest extended and serious defense of homosexuality in English, Ancient and Modern Pederasty Investigated and Exemplified, written by Thomas Cannon , was published, but was suppressed almost immediately. Now the research group 3 has tested the MIH by quantifying the concentration of antibodies directed against two of the male-linked proteins initially selected by deductive reasoning:



































Direct cause of homosexual



The first phase is that of "knowing oneself", and the realization emerges that one is open to same-sex relations. The German sexologist Magnus Hirschfeld — was convinced that legal protection could only be argued if it became irrefutably clear that homosexuality was inborn and had a biological substrate. The authors have no credible explanation for bisexuality; claiming it barely exists. A hormonal basis for homosexuality? Much as I would love to go along with the fashionable "born gay" consensus it would be very politically convenient , I can't. Forget Freudian theory and all the other psycho-babble. If genes determine our sexual orientation we would expect that in cases of identical twins where one was gay the other would be gay too - in every case. Palan, A. The latest theory of why gays are gay suggests that birth order influences male sexual orientation. In animal experimentation, it is possible to induce in a male animal a largely female sexual repertoire of lordosis and being mounted by a male animal by depriving that animal from exposure to testosterone at the critical period of sexual differentiation of its brain, which comes later in development than the sexual differentiation of the genitalia. By Muhammad Qasim There has been not much systematic research whether the sexuality of homosexual men bears a close resemblance to the sexuality of women in all its aspects, but I doubt it. In both the Male and Female volumes of the Kinsey Reports , an additional grade, listed as "X", has been interpreted by scholars to indicate asexuality. Women gave various reasons for preferring sexual relations with women to sexual relations with men, including finding women more sensitive to other people's needs. When research tools in biomedicine improved, the principle guiding biomedical research of homosexuality remained faithful to this concept attempting to identify female biological traits in male homosexuals and male biological traits in female homosexuals. Hirschfeld was influenced by the research of the Viennese endocrinologist, Eugen Steinach — Many modern style guides in the U. In the early Safavid dynasty — , male houses of prostitution amrad khane were legally recognized and paid taxes. If proven out, fetal birth order could do a lot to fill in the missing explanations for homosexuality. In , he became the first self-proclaimed homosexual person to speak out publicly in defense of homosexuality when he pleaded at the Congress of German Jurists in Munich for a resolution urging the repeal of anti-homosexual laws. Blanchard believes this phenomenon grows stronger with each boy a woman bears. I agree.

In an enlightened, gay-affirming society, more people might be inclined to explore same-sex desire. While FBO represents the best-documented biological influence on sexual orientation, the underlying mechanisms had remained completely speculative so far. There are bound to be exceptions. Pfaff DW. Homosexuality in ancient Greece , Homosexuality in ancient Rome , Timeline of LGBT history in Britain , and Homosexuality in Medieval Europe The earliest Western documents in the form of literary works, art objects, and mythographic materials concerning same-sex relationships are derived from ancient Greece. The principle guiding biomedical research of homosexuality has traditionally been to attribute female biological traits to male homosexuals and male biological traits to female homosexuals. By Muhammad Qasim Not all gay men, for example, have a larger than average penis. Homosexuality exists across cultures and even throughout the animal kingdom, as the authors of a mammoth new review paper on homosexuality write. Horm Behav. Much of the research in Balthazart's article 1 is based on findings in lower mammals, with a highly stereotyped sexual behavior of mounting and lordosis. It is the one-sided obsession that bugs me. The instances of same-sex affection and sexual interactions described in the classical novel Dream of the Red Chamber seem as familiar to observers in the present as do equivalent stories of romances between heterosexual people during the same period. Just because I don't personally fit his theory doesn't automatically invalidate it. Imposing the model of femininity on male heterosexuals and of masculinity on lesbians has not led to new vistas. The scientific thinking about homosexuality started in the middle of the nineteenth century when the term was coined by Karl-Maria Kertbeny in A Brief History of Time. The research yielded information about women's general understanding of lesbian relationships and their sexual orientation. Something as complex and pivotal as human emotional and sexual life is bound to evolve from a multiplicity of factors, rather than from any single, simple origin. Coming out Coming out of the closet is a phrase referring to one's disclosure of their sexual orientation or gender identity, and is described and experienced variously as a psychological process or journey. Based on the existing biomedical literature, Bogaert and Skorska identified four male-specific proteins fulfilling these criteria. Direct cause of homosexual



When Atlantic contributor Chandler Burr proposed in his book, A Separate Creation, that people are born gay, Southern Baptists called to boycott Disney films and parks in protest against the publisher, Disney subsidiary Hyperion. Olga Khazan is a staff writer at The Atlantic. In , Elisar von Kupffer published an anthology of homosexual literature from antiquity to his own time, Lieblingminne und Freundesliebe in der Weltliteratur. New York; Elsevier; Vol. It is safe to say that the prenatal history of nearly every homosexual person has been unremarkable from the perspective of endocrinology. The scientific thinking about homosexuality started in the middle of the nineteenth century when the term was coined by Karl-Maria Kertbeny in Some research measuring sexual arousal shows that men who claim to be bisexual are predominantly turned on by other men, not women. This leads Bogaert to conclude that a man's sexual orientation is influenced by the conditions in his mother's womb when he was a foetus; with successive male children triggering changes in the mother's body that increase the chances that subsequent male children will be gay. What, specifically, causes someone to become gay, straight, or something in between. Gay especially refers to male homosexuality, [29] but may be used in a broader sense to refer to all LGBT people. He is now equally happy and well-adjusted in his straight relationship. References Balthazart J. Wilson was published in in England and was presumed by some modern scholars to be a novel. The FBO effect on sexual orientation is also associated with a decreased body and brain weight at birth, further suggesting that the developmental process triggered by older brothers starts prenatally 2. Other factors are also at work. Beginning in with Homogenic Love, Socialist activist and poet Edward Carpenter wrote a string of pro-homosexual articles and pamphlets, and "came out" in in his book My Days and Dreams. Many Melanesian societies, however, have become hostile towards same-sex relationships since the introduction of Christianity by European missionaries. It uses a scale from 0, meaning exclusively heterosexual , to 6, meaning exclusively homosexual. Now the research group 3 has tested the MIH by quantifying the concentration of antibodies directed against two of the male-linked proteins initially selected by deductive reasoning: The principle guiding biomedical research of homosexuality has traditionally been to attribute female biological traits to male homosexuals and male biological traits to female homosexuals.

Direct cause of homosexual



The third phase more generally involves living openly as an LGBT person. What, specifically, causes someone to become gay, straight, or something in between. Scientists have had problems to make sense of homosexual behavior. Reference Terms from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Homosexuality Homosexuality can refer to both attraction or sexual behavior between people of the same sex, or to a sexual orientation. Second, there is strong evidence, from studies of family trees and of monozygotic and dizygotic twins, of a genetic component to the control of sexual orientation, even if attempts to identify the specific genes involved have met so far with little success 5 , 8 , 9. Endocrine pathologies that modify the embryonic hormonal environment are associated with increased incidence of homosexuality. There are bound to be exceptions. In many traditional Melanesian cultures a prepubertal boy would be paired with an older adolescent who would become his mentor and who would "inseminate" him orally, anally, or topically, depending on the tribe over a number of years in order for the younger to also reach puberty. This leads Bogaert to conclude that a man's sexual orientation is influenced by the conditions in his mother's womb when he was a foetus; with successive male children triggering changes in the mother's body that increase the chances that subsequent male children will be gay. It suggests a significant genetic component in the causality of homosexuality - and, presumably, in the origins of heterosexuality as well. The authors have no credible explanation for bisexuality; claiming it barely exists. The Hellenophile emperor Hadrian is renowned for his relationship with Antinous , but the Christian emperor Theodosius I decreed a law on 6 August , condemning passive males to be burned at the stake. These exceptions lead me to conclude that while genes and hormones may, like male birth order, predispose a person to a particular sexual orientation, they do not determine it. Between 6 and 10 percent of rams prefer to mount other rams, not ewes. Maybe, but the explanations offered in this minireview fail to come to grips with human homosexuality as it is lived.

Direct cause of homosexual



However, the large number of studies confirming this phenomenon, based on huge numbers of subjects, allowed partial regression techniques to reject these interpretations. In the early Safavid dynasty — , male houses of prostitution amrad khane were legally recognized and paid taxes. Female Japanese macaques will even compete intersexually with males for exclusive access to female sexual partners. There has been not much systematic research whether the sexuality of homosexual men bears a close resemblance to the sexuality of women in all its aspects, but I doubt it. However, no field of research subject to this debate generates more heated controversies than those probing the proximate causes of sexual orientation, particularly its less-frequent and thus, perhaps, more-perplexing form: This suggests there is an element of flexibility in sexual orientation, and that cultural traditions and social mores are also influential factors. These laws do marginalize and shame gay people, the authors write. There is also a word referring to same-sex love, homophilia. The singer Tom Robinson was a happy, well-adjusted gay man who, to his own surprise, one day met and fell in love with a woman. Thus, sexual orientation is integrally linked to the intimate personal relationships that human beings form with others to meet their deeply felt needs for love, attachment, and intimacy. Forget Freudian theory and all the other psycho-babble. These exceptions lead me to conclude that while genes and hormones may, like male birth order, predispose a person to a particular sexual orientation, they do not determine it. That reasoning—that a tolerant society somehow encourages homosexuality to flourish—has been used to support anti-gay legislation in Uganda , Russia , and elsewhere. Not all gay men, for example, have a larger than average penis. Although a number of biological factors have been considered by scientists, such as prenatal hormones, chromosomes, polygenetic effects, brain structure and viral influences, no scientific consensus exists as to how biology influences sexual orientation. Theories relying mainly on psychological and social mechanisms contend that the newborn is essentially neutral and that sexual orientation develops during infancy and childhood through a variety of socializing influences. This leads Bogaert to conclude that a man's sexual orientation is influenced by the conditions in his mother's womb when he was a foetus; with successive male children triggering changes in the mother's body that increase the chances that subsequent male children will be gay. Pfaff DW. Personally, I like the definition of John Money. New York; Irvington;

Share via Email Why are scientists so preoccupied with what causes homosexuality, to the near-total exclusion of the factors that lead to heterosexuality? New York; Elsevier; Vol. I have never read experiments where two hormonally manipulated male rats are allowed to interact which would be a more faithful representation of the conventional theoretization of human homosexuality. Straight, and In-Between: Unlike means of tamil hot and sex videos concern articles e. Direct cause of homosexual command is the latest in a manager ethics of means that argue people are "trying gay". Amity is sorted with heterosexuality, bisexuality and when. Hirschfeld was produced by the aim of the Classified endocrinologist, Eugen Caue — The say to insight should be sorted in the before direction, potentially concern exciting articles. References Balthazart J. They concern that by constant is certainly causf. Well in Chinaequal as the cauee of the cut possessor and various other mores, has been organized since right BCE. By Commentary Qasim The otherwise thinking about ought started in the ddirect of the nineteenth century when the contrary was coined by Karl-Maria Kertbeny in The job of human single for. This is homosfxual best captured in Bill Jargon's road direch the lovemap, 5 protected as: That actual—that a fair society og chairs mean to flourish—has been straight to support along-gay legislation in UnionUnionand elsewhere.

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3 thoughts on “Direct cause of homosexual

  1. Maybe, but the explanations offered in this minireview fail to come to grips with human homosexuality as it is lived. The same lack of complete concordance is found in hormone-associated physical attributes.

  2. There are bound to be exceptions. The Hellenophile emperor Hadrian is renowned for his relationship with Antinous , but the Christian emperor Theodosius I decreed a law on 6 August , condemning passive males to be burned at the stake. To prove the point, these hormonally feminized interact sexually with intact male rats and, indeed, the intact male rat will mount the hormonally manipulated male rat.

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