Epidemiology Review. Sage Publications; However, the interviews reflected different attitudes about how to practice vaginal hygiene. To Latins, sexual sin IS the gravest -yet for men almost an inevitable- sin. Sometimes after intercourse a woman can catch an infection from filth or something the man may carry. And you know they were also witnessing the smell, so I didn't want to sit there. The effect of interviewer's gender on the interviewing process: Our data reflect the local cultural context shared among immigrants living in poverty in the urban Northeast USA. When my partner douches it benefits me a lot because in that way we protect ourselves from not catching any diseases or any disease we can catch during sex… Some sort of bacteria or something. Family rejection as a predictor of health outcomes in White and Latino lesbian, gay, and bisexual young adults. Review, critique and recommendations.
Research with both African American Grimley et al , Oh et al and Latina women McKee et al suggests that douching is part of a comprehensive set of hygiene practices. Clinical Pediatrics Phila ; Data used in this analysis were collected by computer-assisted self-interview and audio computer-assisted self-interview ACASI. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 58 3 , — For this exploratory study, we included men between the ages of 18 and 60, on the grounds that we were interested in describing views of sexually active adult men of Latino backgrounds, and were not interested in generating hypotheses related to age. In contrast, men in this study are emphatic about the importance of cleanliness, reporting not only that it substantially influences their choice of partner, but that it even determines the type of sexual activities in which they will choose to engage. Purity and danger: The first step of the analysis involved intensive readings of the interviews. The celebration of a healthy, wholesome, married sex in Catholicism is made very difficult in part because all its religious icons are asexual: So you gotta compliment and you got to treat them good, you got to take them out. Unique factors that place older Hispanic women at risk for HIV: AIDS and Behavior, 15, — We included 6 recent sexual behaviors occurring in the past 12 months with female partners as outcome variables in the analyses. Investigation in this little explored area is essential to fully understand the context of douching and to identify barriers to reducing douching behaviour. Juan, 24 Thus men suggest that an unclean vagina is both unattractive and unhealthy.
Mario, 45 Conversely, men also cite examples of undesirable partners, emphasizing the issue of character. Douching behavior in high-risk adolescents. They preside obediently over orderly, well-run homes. Although debate continues, the preponderance of evidence suggests that douching is neither necessary nor beneficial, and is very likely to be harmful Cherpes et al , Martino et al You know I was at a movie theatre with a female. Sage Publications; A cartography of homosexual identity and behavior. Intimate partner violence, machismo, and marianismo. Routledge; Vaginal douching and adverse health effects: Using structural equation modeling to identify predictors of sexual behaviors among Hispanic men who have sex with men. Sexually Transmitted Disease. Nursing research: Women's douching practices and related attitudes: Machismo conceives of two kinds of women: Personalismo and breaking barriers:
Halperin Eds. Pediatrics, 1 , — This gives birth to a kind of moral dualism which equates celibacy with holiness and sex with sin. I never called the person back. Most denied that specific practices were discussed among men. Statistically significant negative correlations were noted between education and total cultural constructs, and education and fatalism. Psychosocial, behavioral, and cultural predictors of sexual risk for HIV infection among Latino men who have sex with men. Vaginal douching and reduced fertility. Association between vaginal douching and acute pelvic inflammatory disease. But from what I've been hearing too much douching or frequent douching takes out the natural enzymes from the women. But then at the end of the date…I decided to part ways.
Review, critique and recommendations. Preventative male sexual and reproductive health care: The woman who risks disease through her failure to engage in hygienic practices reveals a failure of moral character. Machismo and Mexican American men: Google Scholar Egan, J. The first was to provide information or encouragement about the importance of hygiene. Journal Pediatric Adolescent. More research is needed to understand how personalism and familism may be used as protective factors to decrease sexual risk of HMSM. Gonzalez is Founder and President of Semilla, Inc. We limited analyses to men who ever reported vaginal sex with a woman, resulting in a sample size of men. The importance of ethnicity and culture. Mario, 45 Thus men describe cleanliness as an important indicator of self-care, reflecting not only physical health but moral character. All authors reviewed drafts of the article. The remainder of the sample believes that douching is not required as long as women engage in other hygiene activities. In some cases, this involves directly providing advice about practices:
Practices and meaning. Abstract Vaginal douching is widely practiced by women in the USA, particularly among minority ethnic groups, and is associated with increased risk of pelvic and vaginal infections. New York: While health care professionals generally discourage douching, effective interventions for reducing douching are rare Grimley et al American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. My responsibility as a husband would be for example if I make love to her, I would have enough confidence to tell her that she has to bathe and she has to use antibacterial products. What do they use, when and why do they douche? Psychosocial, behavioral, and cultural predictors of sexual risk for HIV infection among Latino men who have sex with men. Thus men indicate that good hygiene is necessary for sexually active women to remove sperm or menstrual blood: Research with both African American Grimley et al , Oh et al and Latina women McKee et al suggests that douching is part of a comprehensive set of hygiene practices. Horizonte de Enfermeria, 23 1 , 27— Additionally, our data suggest that intervening directly with male partners may be helpful, as some are already aware of potential negative consequences of douching. A woman should douche because she should clean her vagina. So I just… never said anything. All authors reviewed drafts of the article. In some cases, this involves directly providing advice about practices: The behaviour is associated with increased risk of pelvic inflammatory disease, Scholes et al , Wolner-Hanssen et al a major cause of infertility, chronic pelvic pain, and ectopic pregnancy Zhang et al , Scholes et al , Kendrick et al ; Chlamydia Trachomatis infection Peters et al , Foch et al ; decreased fecundity Baird et al ; preterm delivery Bruce et al ; Herpes Simplex type 2 Cherpes et al ; and bacterial vaginosis Schwebke et al , Holzman et al Routledge and Kegan Paul; Behaviors associated with Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis: Most respondents were of Dominican or Puerto Rican ancestry. Men were aware of specific practices, including but not limited to douching products. References Adam, B. Sexually Transmitted Disease. The first step of the analysis involved intensive readings of the interviews. Rhodes, R. The effect of interviewer's gender on the interviewing process:
Ovulos are vaginal suppositories, imported from the Dominican Republic, which contain metronidazole and nystatin. I never called the person back…at the end of the date. The behaviour is associated with increased risk of pelvic inflammatory disease, Scholes et al , Wolner-Hanssen et al a major cause of infertility, chronic pelvic pain, and ectopic pregnancy Zhang et al , Scholes et al , Kendrick et al ; Chlamydia Trachomatis infection Peters et al , Foch et al ; decreased fecundity Baird et al ; preterm delivery Bruce et al ; Herpes Simplex type 2 Cherpes et al ; and bacterial vaginosis Schwebke et al , Holzman et al Psychology, Health and Medicine, 7 4 , — Migration, neighborhoods, and networks: This implicitly reduces not only sex, but marriage, to a necessity for second-class Christians, those who cannot be continent. Frequently, men are sexual addicts within as well as outside their marriage. Journal of Adolescence, 37 8 , — The most common of these traits are care for hair or nails: Our findings suggest that targeted interventions focusing on unique sexual risks and sociodemographic differences by acculturation level, particularly nativity, may be helpful for preventing sexually transmitted infections. American Journal of Public Health. Hector, 40 Perceived male role in vaginal health When asked about how they felt they could contribute to the vaginal health of their partners, men indicated three main approaches. In deciding to douche, women may be responding to cues from their partners about the health, social and even moral significance of cleanliness and the desirability of women who are perceived to take good care of themselves. Atlanta, GA: Two analysts coded each interview, then met to discuss and resolve any discrepancies in coding judgments. Sage Publications; Philadelphia, PA: The conflation of concepts of ritual or moral purity with germ theory imbedded in our data has been described as a common theme in modern concepts of hygiene Douglas Using structural equation modeling to identify predictors of sexual behaviors among Hispanic men who have sex with men.
Unique factors that place older Hispanic women at risk for HIV: Even in marriage, sex is also limited, done only for the purposes of reproduction. Specifically, we sought to examine differences in recent risky and protective sexual behaviors with female partners among acculturation groups using the — National Survey of Family Growth NSFG. Google Scholar DiIorio, C. While available over-the-counter in the Dominican Republic, the same medications require a medical prescription in the USA. Jose, 40 Rather than providing direct information, this participant believes that the way in which he treats a partner influences her desire to take care of herself: Our sample is limited to Latino men of primarily Caribbean background who sought care in a community health centre at the time of the interview. Misconceptions about STD-protective behavior. Vaginal douching as a risk factor for acute pelvic inflammatory disease. First of all you can tell by the smell, that's the main thing… you know she's not taking care of herself. The fact that most men did not explicitly acknowledge this moral dimension of genital hygiene is also a characteristic of health discourse in modern life. The conflation of concepts of ritual or moral purity with germ theory imbedded in our data has been described as a common theme in modern concepts of hygiene Douglas Two analysts read the transcripts independently and made notes of themes, including unanticipated themes, thus creating a tentative coding scheme. Anatomy, Physiology, and Pathology. The relation between cultural values and condom use among Latino gay men. This absurd perversion of the biblical account ignores the fact that Adam and Eve were created naked and innocent. To Latins, sexual sin IS the gravest -yet for men almost an inevitable- sin. Most are very supportive of douching, which they consider a necessary hygiene activity. Douching practices are shaped by social and cultural norms regarding female hygiene, reproduction, and sexuality.
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